Kubernetes is an open-source container orchestration system for automating the deployment, scaling, and management of containerized applications
In Kubernetes, containers are organized into logical units called pods, which can be deployed onto a cluster of physical or virtual machines. The Kubernetes control plane manages the pods and ensures that they are running as desired. It does this by periodically checking the current state of the pods and comparing it to the desired state that was specified in the deployment configuration. If there is a discrepancy, the control plane makes the necessary adjustments to bring the pods back into compliance.
Kubernetes also provides a number of other features, such as:
- Load balancing: Kubernetes can automatically distribute incoming traffic across multiple replicas of a service.
- Self-healing: If a pod fails, Kubernetes can automatically restart it or create a new replacement pod.
- Scaling: Kubernetes can automatically scale the number of replicas of a service up or down based on demand.
Overall, Kubernetes makes it easier to deploy and manage complex, distributed applications in a cloud-native environment.
Installing Kubernetes on Windows 10 can be done using one of the following methods:
- Install Minikube:
Minikube is a tool that enables running a single-node Kubernetes cluster locally. It is available for Windows, macOS, and Linux. To install Minikube on Windows 10, follow these steps:
- Download the latest version of Minikube from the releases page on GitHub: https://github.com/kubernetes/minikube/releases
- Extract the downloaded .zip file and move the minikube.exe file to a location on your system path, such as C:\Windows\system32.
- Open a command prompt and verify that the minikube executable is available by running the following command:
Once Minikube is installed, you can start a local Kubernetes cluster by running the following command:
This will download the necessary Kubernetes components and start a single-node cluster on your machine. You can then use the
kubectl command-line tool to interact with the cluster.
- Use the Kubernetes Windows Installer:
The Kubernetes Windows Installer is a script that installs and configures all of the necessary components to run Kubernetes on Windows. It includes Docker, the Kubernetes control plane, and the Kubernetes CNI plugin.
To use the installer, follow these steps:
- Download the latest version of the installer from the releases page on GitHub: https://github.com/kubernetes-sigs/sig-windows-tools/releases
- Extract the downloaded .zip file and open a command prompt in the extracted directory.
- Run the following command to install Kubernetes:
install.ps1 [-InstallDir <path>] [-KubernetesVersion <version>]
<path> with the directory where you want to install Kubernetes and
<version> with the desired version of Kubernetes. If you omit the
-KubernetesVersion parameters, the installer will use the default values of
C:\k and the latest stable version of Kubernetes, respectively.
- Install Docker for Windows and use the Docker command line tools to deploy a Kubernetes cluster:
Docker for Windows includes the Docker engine, the Docker CLI client, and Docker Compose. You can use it to deploy a Kubernetes cluster on your Windows machine by following these steps:
- Download and install Docker for Windows from the official website: https://docs.docker.com/docker-for-windows/install/
- Open the Docker Settings and enable the “Use the WSL 2-based engine” option. This will allow you to use the Docker CLI to deploy a Kubernetes cluster using Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL).
- Open a command prompt and run the following command to create a new WSL 2 distro:
wsl --set-version <distro_name> 2
<distro_name> with the name of your WSL distro (e.g., Ubuntu).
- Install the Kubernetes command-line tool
kubectlin the WSL distro by running the following command: